Child protection

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Child Protection

This page includes Lancashire-12 analysis for the following CP indicators:

  • Number and rate of children and young people with a child protection plan (CPP)
     
  • Child protection numbers at district level - rate per 10,000 population
     
  • Rate of referrals to children's social care
     
  • Proportion of re-referrals to children's social care - rate per 10,000 population
     
  • Child protection plans lasting two years or more
     
  • Percentage of children and young people becoming subject to a child protection plan for a second or subsequent time
     
  • Referrals to children's social care going onto initial assessment
     
  • Age of children subject to a child protection plan on 31st March 2013
     
  • Ethnicity of children subject to a child protection plan on 31 March 2013

Number and rate of children and young people with a child protection plan (CPP)
A child protection plan is a working tool for those children who are deemed to be at risk that should enable the family and professionals to understand what is expected of each other. All children who were formerly on the CP register will have a plan.  The aims of the plan are to keep the child safe, to promote their welfare and to support their wider family to care for them (if this can be done safely).

At the end of March 2013, 878 children in Lancashire-12 had a child protection plan. The number and rate of children and young people aged under-18 and subject to a CP plan increased between 2007/08 and 2012/13.  This has been matched by an increase in the rate of children subject to plans, but remained in line with national trends.

Child Protection Numbers at District Level - Rate per 10,000 Population

At the end of March 2013, Preston had the highest rate of children subject to a child protection plan, at 73.3 per 10,000 under 18s. Ribble Valley had the lowest at 14.1. In fact all the districts showed an increase in rate, with the largest increases within Burnley, Ribble Valley, Chorley and Preston.

Rate of Referrals to Children's Social Care
Local Authorities have a duty to make enquires where a child or young person may be suffering from significant harm. A referral allows the authority to identify any incidence with a child or young person who may be at risk of, or suffering actual significant harm. A referral is defined as a request for services to be provided. The response may include no action, but that in itself is a decision, and should be made promptly and recorded.

A low rate is an indicator of good performance. Since 2008/09, within Lancashire-12 there had been a significantly drop in the number of referrals to social care. However, in 2012/13 the rate had increased to 638.6.  Over the years Lancashire-12 performance has been much better than Blackpool UA. However, in 2012/13 the rate of referrals for Lancashire-12 was higher than the rate seen at Blackburn with Darwen (492.9), the North West (619.7), and the national rate (520.7).

Proportion of Re-referrals to Children's Social Care
A re-referral is defined simply as a referral received on a case that has been closed and the new referral is received within 12 months of the last referral.  The information or concerns do not need to be the same as or similar to the previous referral - e.g. the first referral could be for domestic violence, and the second or “repeat referral” could be for neglect. Where a second or subsequent referral is made by the same referrer on a case that has been closed down -this will be counted as a re-referral.

A low proportion is an indicator of good performance. In 2012/13, the proportion of re-referrals for Lancashire-12 (27.6) was higher than the national (24.9%) and regional (26.4) percentage. Blackburn with Darwen (20.9) also had a lower rate but Blackpool authority (27.9) had a slightly higher rate. 

Child Protection Plans Lasting Two Years or More
This indicator should measure whether children or young people and their families are receiving the services necessary to bring about the required changes in the family situation and to monitor performance in working towards the outcomes outlined in the child protection plan. This indicator reflects the underlying principle that professionals should be working towards specified outcomes which, if implemented effectively, should lead to all children and young people not needing to be the subject of a Child Protection Plan within a maximum of two years.

A low percentage is an indicator of good performance. In 2012/13, the Lancashire-12 performance had been good and the yearend performance had dropped to 2.4%. There were 21 CP plans on the register with durations of 2 years or more. Lancashire-12 performance for this measure was better than all its comparators.

Percentage of Children and Young People Becoming Subject to a Child Protection Plan for a Second or Subsequent Time
This indicator is a proxy for the level and quality of service a child or young person receives. Its purpose is to monitor whether children’s social care services devise and implement a Child Protection Plan which leads to lasting improvement in a child’s or young person's safety and overall well-being. This is defined as the percentage of children who became subject to a Child Protection Plan at any time during the year who had previously been the subject of a Child Protection Plan regardless of how long ago that was.

A low percentage is an indicator of good performance. in 2012/13, the Lancashire-12 reduced to 16.7%. Lancashire-12 performance for this indicator tends to be better than Blackpool but lower than the regional, national, and Blackburn with Darwen authority performance.

A detailed analysis of Lancashire-12 CP performance with an accompanying action plan developed to address the deterioration in performance across the county can be accessed at:
http://www3.lancashire.gov.uk/corporate/web/viewdoc.asp?id=86868 

Referrals to Children's Social Care Going onto Initial Assessment
It is important that local authorities respond to and address concerns in a timely and efficient way and ensure that all referrals to children’s social care be followed up where appropriate. This indicator is a proxy for several issues: the appropriateness of referrals coming into social care, which can show whether local agencies are working well together; and the thresholds which are being applied in children’s social care at a local level.

A high rate is an indicator of good performance. In 2012/13, the performance for Lancashire-12 was 460.3 (per 10,000 population aged under 18), and remained a good level of performance when compared with national (387.4) and regional (482.7) rates.

Age of children subject to a child protection plan on 31st March 2013
The largest proportion of children subject to a plan in Lancashire-12 fall into the 1-4 age group, however there are also a significant proportion in the 5-9 and 10-15 age groups. This pattern is generally reflected across the districts.

Ethnicity of children subject to a child protection plan on 31 March 2013
87% of children subject to a child protection plan in Lancashire-12 fell into the White British category.

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This page was last updated on 19/03/2014 by:

Page author:
Afzal Patel
Email:
afzal.patel@lancashire.gov.uk
Phone:
01772 536104